The rise of artificial intelligence (AI) has sparked numerous discussions about its impact on the job market. One crucial question that arises is, “What jobs will AI replace?” It turns out that this question has a significant gender dimension.
Data from the International Labor Organization (ILO) reveals that women are at a much higher risk of job displacement due to AI compared to men. The ILO report states that approximately 4% of women’s jobs worldwide could be replaced by AI, while only 1% of male employment faces a similar risk. This disparity becomes even more pronounced in high-income countries, where 8% of female jobs face automation compared to only 3% of male jobs.
These findings have broader economic implications. If a significant portion of women were to lose their jobs due to AI, entire sectors could be destabilized, thereby impacting economic growth and innovation. However, the issue goes beyond job loss. A report by UNESCO highlights the need for new digital skills in the age of AI. Unfortunately, a significant portion of women globally lacks access to the internet or essential digital skills. This digital divide directly affects sectors undergoing rapid technological changes, such as finance, where women need foundational digital literacy and access before they can engage with AI-driven tools.
So, what jobs are at the highest risk of being replaced by AI for women? The ILO report suggests that clerical roles, such as secretaries, accounting clerks, and bank tellers, are particularly vulnerable. 82% of clerical job tasks are exposed to the risk of AI automation at an above-average level.
The loss of these jobs held mainly by women could slow down the progress women have made in the workforce. It is crucial to ensure that women have the right to work in safe and fair conditions, as it is a fundamental human right. Economically speaking, working women offer vast benefits. Closing the work gap between men and women by 25% by 2025 could potentially add 189 million jobs and raise the global GDP by 3.9%.
However, the concern is not just about job numbers; it is about diversity and inclusion. Women’s perspectives, insights, and innovations are crucial for driving creativity and effectiveness in the workforce. Therefore, it is essential to understand the potential impact of AI on women and ensure that they have the right skills and opportunities to thrive in the AI era while bridging the gender gap in AI and STEM fields.
1. What jobs are more likely to be replaced by AI?
According to the International Labor Organization, clerical roles such as secretaries, accounting clerks, and bank tellers are more likely to be replaced by AI. These roles have a high level of exposure to AI automation.
2. How does AI impact women in the workforce?
Data indicates that AI poses a disproportionate risk to women’s jobs compared to men’s jobs. Women face a higher risk of job displacement due to AI, which can have significant economic implications and hinder progress in gender equality.
3. What are the broader economic implications of women’s job displacement due to AI?
If a significant number of women were to lose their jobs due to AI, entire sectors could be destabilized, impacting economic growth and innovation. It is crucial to ensure that women have access to the necessary digital skills and opportunities in the AI era to avoid these economic implications.
4. How can closing the work gap between men and women benefit the economy?
Closing the work gap between men and women by 25% by 2025 could potentially add 189 million jobs and raise the global GDP by 3.9%. Working women offer significant economic benefits and drive innovation and productivity in the workforce.
5. Why is diversity in AI and STEM fields important?
Teams with diverse perspectives, including both men and women, have been found to be more innovative, adaptable, and productive. Inclusion of women in AI and STEM fields ensures that the economy can benefit from their unique insights and creativity.