New Study Shows Promise for ChatGPT in Emergency Medicine

A recent pilot study presented at the European Emergency Medicine Congress reveals that the artificial intelligence chatbot, ChatGPT, performed just as well as trained doctors in suggesting likely diagnoses for patients in emergency medicine departments. This groundbreaking study conducted by researchers from Jeroen Bosch Hospital in The Netherlands highlights the potential for AI technology to support doctors and reduce waiting times for patients.

Led by Dr. Hidde ten Berg from the department of emergency medicine and Dr. Steef Kurstjens from the department of clinical chemistry and hematology, the study aimed to evaluate ChatGPT’s performance in examining complex diagnostic cases. The researchers entered anonymized data on 30 patients from Jeroen Bosch Hospital’s emergency department into two versions of ChatGPT. This data included physicians’ notes, lab test results, and patients’ signs, symptoms, and physical examinations.

Comparing the shortlists of likely diagnoses generated by ChatGPT with those made by emergency medicine doctors, the study found a significant overlap of approximately 60%. Moreover, ChatGPT version 3.5 accurately identified the correct diagnosis within its top five suggestions in 97% of the cases, outperforming the doctors at 87%. These results indicate that ChatGPT has the potential to generate medical diagnoses comparably to human doctors.

However, it is essential to note that ChatGPT is not a medical device, and there are concerns about privacy when using it with medical data. Further research and development are needed before considering the integration of ChatGPT into clinical settings. Nonetheless, the study’s findings offer promise for the use of artificial intelligence in emergency medicine, particularly as a supportive tool for less experienced doctors and for detecting rare diseases.

Professor Youri Yordanov, Chair of the EUSEM 2023 abstract committee, emphasizes the importance of exploring new technologies to enhance the work of doctors and improve patient experiences in the emergency department. Although ChatGPT’s implementation in clinical settings is still a distant prospect, continued research in this area could pave the way for innovative solutions that benefit both healthcare professionals and their patients.


Q: Can ChatGPT replace doctors in emergency medicine?
A: No, ChatGPT is not a medical device and should not be considered a substitute for doctors. Its potential lies in providing support and assistance to medical professionals.

Q: How accurate was ChatGPT compared to doctors?
A: The study demonstrated that ChatGPT had a similar level of accuracy as doctors in suggesting likely diagnoses. However, further research and development are necessary before implementing it in clinical practice.

Q: What are the potential benefits of using ChatGPT in emergency medicine?
A: ChatGPT could help reduce waiting times by supporting doctors, particularly those with less experience. It also has the potential to assist in identifying rare diseases.

Q: What are the concerns regarding privacy when using ChatGPT with medical data?
A: As ChatGPT is an AI system, privacy issues may arise when handling sensitive medical information. These concerns need to be addressed before considering its integration into healthcare settings.

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