Artificial Intelligence and the Impetus for Nigeria’s Industrial Advancement

Former Nigerian Power Minister Advocates for AI Integration in Industrial Sectors

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has emerged as a pivotal factor in driving Nigeria’s industrial revolution, according to Professor Bart Nnaji, a former Nigerian Minister of Power and Science. Delivering a keynote address at the 5th convocation ceremonies of Michael and Cecilia Ibru University, Nnaji emphasized the urgent need for Nigeria to embrace AI on an industrial scale to keep pace with the ongoing global 4th Industrial Revolution.

Nnaji, a renowned expert in industrial engineering who completed his Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship in AI at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, highlighted AI’s potential to unlock transformative progress through Big Data, the Internet of Things (IoT), and other groundbreaking technologies. By leveraging Generative AI, which empowers machines to rapidly and autonomously perform tasks, Nigeria can bridge the gap and catch up with previous industrial revolutions.

Contrary to historical industrial shifts, Nigeria does not require massive resource investments to participate in the 4th Industrial Revolution. The affordability and accessibility of computers and the Internet facilitate the integration of cutting-edge technologies, including AI, even within the confines of people’s homes.

While praising the growing adoption of AI among Nigerians, Nnaji urged the Nigerian government to proactively establish the nation as a significant AI player by elevating the Ministry of Communication and Creativity’s status. He further highlighted the necessity for reduced tariffs on information technology equipment and comprehensive training programs for IT specialists within Nigeria and abroad.

However, Nnaji also underscored the potential risks associated with AI, such as job displacement and the circulation of deep fakes. He cautioned that malicious use of AI could lead to dangerous consequences, including the creation of hazardous explosives. To mitigate these risks, Nnaji called for international collaboration between governments and AI researchers to establish a global body that promotes responsible and secure AI implementation.

In conclusion, integrating AI into Nigeria’s industrial sectors presents a unique opportunity to bridge the technological divide and propel the nation towards significant industrial growth. By embracing AI responsibly and collectively addressing its potential risks, Nigeria can position itself as an active contributor to the global AI landscape.


1. What is the 4th Industrial Revolution?

The 4th Industrial Revolution refers to the ongoing era characterized by the rapid integration of advanced technologies, such as AI, IoT, and Big Data, into industries and societies globally. It represents a paradigm shift in manufacturing, communication, and innovation.

2. What is Generative AI?

Generative AI is an AI technology that enables machines to perform tasks autonomously and rapidly. It allows systems or machines to operate without human control, leading to faster and more efficient processes.

3. What are the potential risks associated with AI?

AI, while holding immense potential for progress, also carries certain risks. These risks include job displacement, the spread of deep fakes (manipulated media), plagiarism, misinformation, invasion of privacy, and the potential for misuse in creating dangerous explosives or causing other harmful consequences.

4. How can Nigeria prepare for AI integration?

To prepare for AI integration, Nigeria should prioritize the development of its communication and creativity sector while reducing tariffs on information technology equipment. Furthermore, comprehensive training programs for IT specialists and collaboration with international stakeholders can help Nigeria establish itself as a prominent player in the global AI landscape.

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