A recent study conducted by the International Labour Organization (ILO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, challenges the widespread belief that Artificial Intelligence (AI) will lead to a significant loss of jobs. Contrary to common apprehensions, the study indicates that AI will mainly augment jobs rather than destroy them.
The advent of advanced AI technologies, exemplified by the recent launch of ChatGPT, a generative AI platform capable of performing complex tasks on demand, has sparked concern about the future of employment. Many feared that this technology could result in widespread job displacement and negatively impact various industries.
However, the ILO study suggests a more positive outlook. It reveals that most jobs and industries have only partial exposure to automation, meaning they are more likely to be complemented rather than replaced by AI platforms like ChatGPT. The greatest impact, according to the report, will likely be in the form of changes to the quality of jobs, such as work intensity and autonomy.
The study acknowledges that the effects of AI technology will vary across professions and regions. It also raises concerns about gender disparities, highlighting that women are more likely to experience job disruptions compared to men. While clerical work faces the highest technological exposure, with a significant portion of tasks considered highly exposed, other occupational groups such as managers and technicians have only a small fraction of tasks at high exposure levels.
This research provides a fresh perspective on the potential impact of AI on jobs. Rather than painting a bleak picture of widespread job destruction, the study suggests that the introduction of AI technologies will bring about changes in the nature of work. By automating repetitive tasks, AI will enable individuals to focus on more complex and creative endeavors, ultimately enhancing job roles and increasing productivity.
Q: Will AI eliminate jobs completely?
A: The study conducted by the International Labour Organization suggests that AI is more likely to augment jobs rather than eliminate them. Most jobs and industries are only partially exposed to automation, and the focus is expected to be on improving job quality rather than job destruction.
Q: Which professions will be most affected by AI?
A: According to the study, clerical work is the category of jobs with the highest technological exposure. However, the impact of AI will vary across professions and regions.
Q: How will the introduction of AI impact job roles?
A: AI technologies are expected to automate repetitive tasks, allowing individuals to focus on more complex and creative aspects of their work. This shift has the potential to enhance job roles and increase productivity.